Since, Islam is the last religion of all previous heavenly messages, it urges people—all people—to protect the environment and calls them not to pollute or spoil it. For example, Islam prohibits urinating or defecating or throwing garbage, carcasses, industrial wastes, or suchlike things in water, for doing so causes much harm to man, animals, and the environment.
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) founded a very important legal rule when he said, “No harm shall be inflicted or reciprocated in Islam.” (Reported by Ahmad) In addition, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) stated that cleaning rubbish and the like from streets is something which deserves divine reward. In this concern, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “If you refuse but to sit in roads, then pay the road its right.” They said, “What is the right of the road, Allah’s Messenger?” He said, “Lowering your gaze, returning greetings, and removing harmful things from the road” (Reported by Muslim).
To conclude, a Muslim should be keen on complying with the teachings of our true religion, Islam. A Muslim should further realize how important it is to protect the environment, and that spoiling it, for whatever reason, is prohibited. In other words, every Muslim should protect the environment in which he lives and keep it free from the causes of illness, which harm individuals and communities.